Which type of land use and farming systems, operating at what scales, can create the most employment? Looking at the number of jobs and the costs per job in four municipalities, this project shows how the employment-intensity of agriculture can be increased, managed and sustained.
The study looked at small-holder and small-scale black-owned commercial farms in South Africa to see where employment could be maximised. Commodities reviewed included wool, livestock, fresh vegetables, fruit, nuts and sugar cane. Areas of focus included broader issues such as climate change and international best practices.
A number of recommendations for policy and programming are made and some of the difficult choices and trade-offs facing policy-makers are discussed. The researchers suggest that government launch a small number of pilot programmes to explore the land redistribution policies the study mentions.
This project developed a series of policy proposals and reports around increasing the incomes and livelihoods of up to 2 million subsistence-oriented smallholders and 200 000 market-oriented smallholders.
The accompanying policy briefs assess the potential for employment-intensive land reform in South Africa and provide policy recommendations. These briefs were based on a comprehensive research report, several thematic and commodity studies along with local municipality case studies. The research findings were launched in a discussion-based webinar in June 2020, and the policy briefs and full research reports are available for download on this site.
This project explores logistics of programmes to implement these policies, including the building of appropriate institutional capacities within Government, its partners and beneficiaries. The next phase is to pilot test the implementation of the findings.